Microsoft’s end goal is for Azure to become the best cloud platform for customers to run their data workloads. This means Microsoft will provide customers the best environment to run their big data/Hadoop as well as a place where Microsoft can offer services with our unique point-of-view. Specific decision points on using Hadoop is if the customer wants to use open source technologies or not. Some of the benefits of running open source software (OSS) on Azure include:
- Quick installs
- Easy scale
- Products work together
- Don’t need to get your own hardware
To determine the cost savings by moving your OSS to Azure, see the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Calculator.
Of course there are many benefits of using Microsoft products over OSS, such as ease of use, support, easier to find people with skills, less frequent version updates, more compatibility between products, etc. But there are still reasons to use OSS, so I created a list that shows many of the Microsoft products and their equivalent, or close equivalent, Hadoop/OSS product.
I tried to list only Apache products unless there was no equivalent Apache product or there is a really popular Open Source Software (OSS) product.
|Microsoft Product||Hadoop/Open Source Software Product|
|DocumentDB||MongoDB, HBase, Cassandra|
|SQL Database||SQLite, MySQL, PostgreSQL, MariaDB|
|Azure Data Lake Analytics/YARN||None|
|Blob Storage||HDFS, Ceph (Note: These are distributed file systems and Blob storage is not distributed)|
|Azure HBase||Apache HBase (Azure HBase is a service wrapped around Apache HBase), Apache Trafodion|
|Event Hub||Apache Kafka|
|Azure Stream Analytics||Apache Storm, Apache Spark, Twitter Heron|
|Power BI||Apache Zeppelin, Apache Jupyter, Airbnb Caravel, Kibana|
|HDInsight||Hortonworks (pay), Cloudera (pay), MapR (pay)|
|Azure ML||Apache Mahout, Apache Spark MLib|
|Microsoft R Open||R|
|SQL Data Warehouse||Apache Hive, Apache Drill, Presto|
|IoT Hub||Apache NiFi|
|Azure Data Factory||Apache Falcon, Airbnb Airflow|
|Azure Data Lake Storage/WebHDFS||HDFS Ozone|
|Azure Analysis Services/SSAS||Apache Kylin, AtScale (pay)|
|SQL Server Reporting Services||None|
|Hadoop Indexes||Jethro Data (pay)|
|Azure Data Catalog||Apache Atlas|
|Azure Search||Apache Solr, Apache ElasticSearch (Azure Search build on ES)|
|Others||Apache Flink, Apache Ambari, Apache Ranger, Apache Knox|
Many of the Hadoop/OSS products are available in Azure. If you feel I’m missing some products from this list, please let me know as this is very subjective and comments are always welcome!